Looping Constructs

There's only one type of loop in V language, like Go which can be used in many ways.

for loop

for loops offer a quick and easy way to do something repeatedly. They're handy, if you want to run the same code over and over again, each time with a different value. You can think of a loop as a computerized version of the game where you tell someone to take X steps in one direction then Y steps in another; for example, the idea "Go five steps to the east" could be expressed this way as a loop:

for i := 0; i < 5; i++ {
println('Walking one step')
}

V has the for looping construct and the loop can be written in different ways:

• in operator for array/map

ages := [18, 25, 32, 43, 50]

for age in ages {
println(age)
}

Note: The value is read-only.

• for loop with a condition

This is a control flow statement that allows code to be executed repeatedly based on a given Boolean condition. There are no parentheses surrounding the condition, and the braces are always required.

mut factorial := 1
mut counter := 1

for {
counter++
if counter > 5 {
println(factorial)
break
}
factorial = factorial * counter
}

println(counter)

Output

120
6

A for loop with a break statement can always be made shorter by placing the inverse condition right after for, making it equivalent with the while statement in other languages.

mut factorial := 1
mut counter := 1

for counter <= 5 {
factorial = factorial * counter
counter++
}
println(factorial)
println(counter)

Output

120
6
• Traditional C style

mut factorial := 1
mut counter := 1

for counter = 1; counter < 6; counter++ {
factorial = factorial * counter
if counter == 5 {
print(factorial)
continue
}
println(counter)
}
• Infinite Loop

for loop can also be infinite

for {
println('foo')
}

Exercises

1. Write a V program to display the first 10 natural numbers.

2. Write a V program to find the sum of first 10 natural numbers.

3. Write a V program to print the integers inside an array and also print their mean.

4. Write a V program to read 10 numbers from keyboard and find their sum and average.

5. Write a V program to display the cube of the number upto given an integer.

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